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23rd September 2008
What is Qi Men Dun Jia?
The Legend and Story of QMDJ
Qi Men Dun Jia (QMDJ) is one of three Chinese divination arts of San Shi 三式 which consists of Tai Yi Shen Shu 太乙神數, Qi Men Dun Jia 奇門遁甲 and Da Liu Ren 六壬神課. Tai Yi Shen Shu is primarily used for divining important events pertaining to the country and Da Liu Ren is used for divining normal daily events. For Qi Men Dun Jia, it was traditionally exclusively used by the kings and generals in the battle fields to gain advantage over the enemy. In the classic 奇門遁甲祕籍大全, this book documented 108 types of divination events or activities that be applied used by QMDJ. From this it is obvious that QMDJ can be used outside the military arena and is applicable to our normal daily lives.
Yellow Emperor 黃帝
Legend said that about 4600 year ago, the Yellow Emperor 黃帝 (2497 BC to 2398 BC), were fighting a losing battle with a 7-foot tall half giant, half bull war deity called “Chi You” 蚩尤 with iron head and copper body, together with its 81 brothers.
Chi You 蚩尤
One night while he was sleeping, the Yellow Emperor was woken up by a bright light coming from heaven. From this bright light emerged “The Fairy of Ninth Heaven” 九天玄女 carrying an 9-inch by 8-inch jade box. The Yellow Emperor received the jade box from the fairy and found that it contain a magic scroll written on dragon skin. The Yellow Emperor, following the secrets written in the “dragon scroll”, subsequently defeated Chi You at the Battle of Zhuolu 涿鹿 in the 27th century BC by using South-pointing compass chariots to find their way in the thick heavy fog during the battle. This victory for the Yellow Emperor herald the start of the Han Chinese civilization.
Jiu Tian Xuan Nu 九天玄女
After the victory, the Yellow Emperor instructed his court officials to translate the dragon scroll into 13 chapters of military 兵法 methods , 12 chapters of “Solitary Void” 孤虛法methods and 1080 QMDJ charts. These literatures eventually become the classic of the Qi Men Dun Jia art.
The Story of Jia
To understand the basic principle of Qi Men Dun Jia better, the following tells the story of Jia, which is the first of the Ten Heavenly Stem of Jia 甲 , Yi 乙, Bing 丙, Ding 丁, Wu 戊, Ji 己, Geng 庚, Xin 辛, Ren 壬 and Gui 癸. Jia represents the Emperor. Among the nine heavenly stems, Jia is most afraid of Geng because Geng can attack Jia and can take over the throne and become the next Emperor. In order to protect himself, Jia marry off his sister Yi 乙 to Geng 庚 to make him happy and lessen the chance of Geng attacking Jia.
In doing so, Jia is also afraid that Yi, being the wife of Geng will become the next Empress if Geng by any chance become the next Emperor. Therefore Jia decided to get his 2 children, son Bing 丙 and daughter Ding 丁 to help. Jia ask his daughter Ding to visit her aunt Yi often at Geng’s palace, so as to keep an eye on couple Yi and Geng, in the event they are planning a revolt to unthrone Jia. Jia then ask his son Bing to standby and be alert at all times to protect his father in the event Geng attack Jia because Bing can control Geng.
In the land that Jia rule, he divided his territory into 6 smaller kingdoms and assign each of his 6 warlord generals of Wu, Ji, Geng, Xin, Ren and Gui to take charge of them. These 6 warlord generals, also known as Xun Shou 旬首 or “leader of 10”, are represented by one of the 6 Jia 六甲, and each of the 6 Jia is in charge of 10 JiaZi 甲子. The 6 Xun Shou are Jia Zi-Wu, Jia Xu-Ji, Jia Shen-Geng, Jia Wu-Xin, Jia Chen-Ren and Jia Yin-Gui.
In this way, the land that Geng rule is only one sixth of the entire Jia’s kingdom and this will give Geng a lesser chance of raising a large army to attack Jia. As the Emperor, Jia is not supposed to be seen by the common people and thus has to remain hidden from view at all times. At any one time, Jia will be hiding and staying at one of the 6 Xun Shou’s kingdom, constantly moving around among the Xun Shou in certain specific order to avoid detection by his enemy.
Terminology of QMDJ
In Qi Men Dun Jia terms, there are SanQi 三奇 and LiuYi 六儀, in short QiYi 奇儀. SanQi are the 3 stems of Yi, Bing and Ding while LiuYi are the 6 Xun Shou 旬首 stems of Wu, Ji, Geng, Xin, Ren and Gui. Together they make up the 9 heavenly stems. Yi, Bing and Ding are SanQi or “3 Wonders” because they are the family members of Jia and are therefore trusted. Yi is Day Wonder 日奇, Bing is Month Wonder 月奇 while Ding is Star Wonder 星奇. LiuYi are the 6 warlord generals in which Jia will be hidden in one of them at any one time.
There are various components or layers that make up a QMDJ chart. Other than the SanQi and LiuYi layers, there are also the BaMeng 八門 (8 Doors), JiuXing 九星 (9 Stars) and BaShen 八神 (8 Deities) charts. The BaMen are XiuMen 休門, ShengMen 生門, ShangMen 傷門, DuMen 杜門, Jing3Men 景門, SiMen 死門, JingMen 驚門 and KaiMen 開門. The JiuXing are TianPeng 天蓬, TianRui 天芮, TianChong 天沖, TianFu 天輔, TianQin 天禽, TianXin 天心, TianZhu 天柱, TianRen 天任 and TianYin 天英. The BaShen are ZhiFu 值符, TengShe 螣蛇, TaiYin 太陰, LiuHe 六合, BaiHu 白虎 (GouChen 勾陈), XuanWu 玄武 (ZhuQiao 朱雀), JiuDi 九地 and JiuTian 九天.
SanQi and LiuYi consists of 2 layers, upper and lower plate. The upper layer is called TianPan QiYi 天盤奇儀 (Heaven Plate QiYi) while the lower layer is called DiPan QiYi 地盤奇儀 (Earth Plate QiYi). The BaShen is known as RenPan 人盤 (Man Plate) and the JiuXing is known as TianPan 天盤 (Heaven Plate). Finally the 9 palace of the Luo Shu grid is known as DiPan 地盤 (Earth Plate).
The TianPan concerns things or events that are natural in occurrence which man cannot control while RenPan concerns things or events arising from the action from man. DiPan is the place and directions for these TianPan and Dipan events occurrences.
So what is Qi Men Dun Jia?
"Qi" is SanQi, "Men" is BaMen and "Dun Jia" is Hidden Jia. Therefore Qi Men Dun Jia can be simply summarised as the method of hiding the Jia with the protection of the SanQi in a good location for Jia to achieve success in BaMen activities. It is the divination system of optimising the 3 integrated components of Tian, Di and Ren 天地人 ( Heaven, Earth and Man) to achieve success for anyone using it.
By Cyril Quah
"The Feng Shui Connoisseur"
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